Moses Sofer

Sofer {{Circa|1830}} (lithograph by [[Josef Kriehuber]]). Moses Schreiber (1762–1839), known to his own community and Jewish posterity in the Hebrew translation as Moshe Sofer, also known by his main work ''Chatam Sofer'', ''Chasam Sofer'', or ''Hatam Sofer'' (trans. ''Seal of the Scribe'', and acronym for ''Chiddushei Toiras Moishe Sofer''), was one of the leading Orthodox rabbis of European Jewry in the first half of the nineteenth century.

He was a teacher to thousands and a powerful opponent of the Reform movement in Judaism, which was attracting many Jews in the Austrian Empire, and beyond. As Rav of the city of Pressburg, he advocated for strong communal life, first-class education, and uncompromising opposition to Reform and radical change.

Sofer established a yeshiva in Pozsony (''Pressburg'' in German; today ''Bratislava'', Slovakia), the Pressburg Yeshiva, which became the most influential yeshiva in Central Europe, producing hundreds of future leaders of Hungarian Jewry. This yeshiva continued to function until World War II; afterward, it was relocated to Jerusalem, under the leadership of the Chasam Sofer's great-grandson, Rabbi Akiva Sofer (the ''Daas Sofer'').

Sofer published very little during his lifetime; however, his post-humously published works include more than a thousand responsa, novellae on the Talmud, sermons, biblical and liturgical commentaries, and religious poetry. He is an authority who is quoted extensively in Orthodox Jewish scholarship. Many of his responsa are required reading for semicha (rabbinic ordination) candidates. His ''chiddushim'' (original Torah insights) sparked a new style in rabbinic commentary, and some editions of the Talmud contain his emendations and additions. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 2 results of 2 for search 'Sofer, Moses, 1762-1839', query time: 0.02s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Sofer, Moses, 1762-1839
    Published 1967
    Jerusalem : Mekhon Daʻat Sofer, 728 [1967 or 68]
    128 p. ; 27 cm.
  2. 2
    by Sofer, Moses, 1762-1839
    Published 1967
    Yerushalayim, Makhon le-Hotsaʼat Sefarim ṿe-Ḥeḳer Kitve-Yad ʻal-shem ha-Ḥatam-Sofer, 728 [1967 or 8]
    129 p. 35 cm.

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