Roman copy in marble of a Greek bronze bust of Aristotle by [[Lysippos]], c. 330 BC, with modern alabaster mantle Aristotle (; ''Aristotélēs'', ; 384–322 BC) was an Ancient Greek philosopher and polymath. His writings cover a broad range of subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, drama, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, meteorology, geology, and government. As the founder of the Peripatetic school of philosophy in the Lyceum in Athens, he began the wider Aristotelian tradition that followed, which set the groundwork for the development of modern science.

Little is known about Aristotle's life. He was born in the city of Stagira in Northern Greece during the Classical period. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (). Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored his son Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books on papyrus scrolls.

Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him. It was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion.

Aristotle's views profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. The influence of physical science extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics were developed. Some of Aristotle's zoological observations found in his biology, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. He also influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophies during the Middle Ages, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as "The First Teacher", and among medieval Christians like Thomas Aquinas as simply "The Philosopher", while the poet Dante called him "the master of those who know". His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, and were studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotle's influence on logic continued well into the 19th century. In addition, his ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1
    by Aristotle
    Published 1890
    Oxonii : Clarendoniano, 1890.
    vi, 264 p. 22 cm.
  2. 2
    by Aristotle
    Published 1976
    Oxford, Clarendon press, 1976.
    227 p. 21 cm.
  3. 3
    by Aristotle
    Published 1960
    Cambridge, Mass. : London : Harvard University Press ; Heinemann, 1960.
    x, 754 p. ; 17 cm.
    Other Authors: ...Aristotle...
  4. 4
    by Aristotle
    Published 1899
    London : George Bell and Sons, 1899-1900.
    1 online resource (2 volumes)
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  5. 5
    by Aristotle
    Published 1961
    Paris : Société d'édition "Les belles lettres", 1961.
    101 p. 20 cm.
  6. 6
    by Aristotle
    Published 1982
    Oxford, Clarendon press, 1982.
    xvi, 239 p. 21 cm.
  7. 7
    by Aristotle
    Published 1956
    Paris : Les Belles lettres, 1956.
    xl, 166, 193 p. ; 21 cm.
  8. 8
    by Aristotle
    Published 1975
    Dordrecht, Holland ; Boston : D. Reidel Pub. Co., [1975]
    xxi, 372 p. ; 23 cm.
  9. 9
    by Aristotle
    Published 1985
    Berlin : Akademie-Verlag, 1985.
    144 p. ; 25 cm.
    Other Authors: ...Aristotle...
  10. 10
    by Aristotle
    Published 1957
    London : Cambridge, Mass. : W. Heinemann ; Harvard University Press, 1957.
    xiii, 527 p. ; 17 cm.
    Other Authors: ...Aristotle...
  11. 11
    by Aristotle
    Published 1939
    London, Cambridge, Mass., W. Heinemann; Harvard university press, 1939.
    xlvii, 491, [1] p. 17 cm.
  12. 12
    by Aristotle
    Published 1986
    Cambridge, Mass. : London : Harvard Univ. Press ; W. Heinemann, 1986.
    xl, 378 p. ; 17 cm.
  13. 13
    by Aristotle
    Published 1931
    Ḥaidarābād [India] : Jāmiʻah ʻUs̲māniyah, 1931.
    xii, 382, [2] p. ; 24 cm.
  14. 14
    by Aristotle
    Published 1941
    Dihlī : Anjuman Taraqqī-yi Urdū, Hind, 1941.
    ii, 117 p. ; 22 cm.
  15. 15
    by Aristotle
    Published 1874
    Paris : Lib. Ladrange, 1874.
    clxxviii, 545 p. 24 cm.
  16. 16
    by Aristotle
    Published 1912
    Amadāvāda : Gujarāta Varnākyulara Sosāīṭī, 1912.
    1 online resource (viii, 316 pages)
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  17. 17
    by Aristotle
    Published 1881
    London : George Bell & Sons, 1881.
    1 online resource (lxxx, 338 pages)
    Other Authors: ...Aristotle...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  18. 18
    by Aristotle
    Published 1893
    London : Macmillan, 1893.
    lxxx, 302 p., [1] l. of plate : ill. ; 23 cm.
  19. 19
    by Aristotle
    Published 1956
    Oxonii : E typographeo clarendoniano, 1956.
    ix, 110 p. ; 19 cm.
  20. 20
    by Aristotle
    Published 1538
    Vinegia, Zuan Tacuino da Trino, 1538]
    [7], cxii (i.e. 113) l. illus. 22 cm.

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