Tamil Nadu

[[Tamilakam Tamil Nadu (; , TN) is the southernmost state of India. The tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population, Tamil Nadu is the home of the Tamil people, who speak the Tamil language, one of the longest surviving classical languages and serves as its official language. The capital and largest city is Chennai.

Located on the south-eastern coast of the Indian peninsula, Tamil Nadu is straddled by the Western Ghats and Deccan Plateau in the west, the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Eastern Coastal Plains lining the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait to the south-east, the Laccadive Sea at the southern cape of the peninsula, with the river Kaveri bisecting the state. Politically, Tamil Nadu is bound by the Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, and the union territory of Puducherry and shares an international maritime border with the Northern Province of Sri Lanka at Pamban Island.

Archaeological evidence points to Tamil Nadu being inhabited for more than 400 millennia and has more than 5,500 years of continuous cultural history. Historically, the Tamilakam region was inhabited by Tamil-speaking Dravidian people and was ruled by several regimes over centuries, such as the Sangam era triumverate of the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas, the Pallavas (3rd–9th century CE), and the later Vijayanagara Empire (14th–17th century CE). European colonization began with establishing trade ports in the 17th century, with the British controlling much of South India as the Madras Presidency for two centuries before the Indian Independence in 1947. After independence, the region became the Madras State of the Republic of India and was further re-organized when states were redrawn linguistically in 1956 into the current shape. The state was renamed as Tamil Nadu, meaning "Tamil Country", in 1969. Hence, culture, cuisine and architecture have seen multiple influences over the years and have developed diversely.

As the most urbanised state of India, Tamil Nadu boasts an economy with gross state domestic product (GSDP) of , making it the second-largest economy amongst the 28 states of India. It has the country's 9th-highest GSDP per capita of and ranks 11th in human development index. Tamil Nadu is also one of the most industrialised states, with the manufacturing sector accounting for nearly one-third of the state's GDP. With its diverse culture and architecture, long coastline, forests and mountains, Tamil Nadu is home to a number of ancient relics, historic buildings, religious sites, beaches, hill stations, forts, waterfalls and four World Heritage Sites with the state's tourism industry, the largest among the Indian states. Forests occupy an area of constituting 17.4% of the geographic area of which protected areas cover an area of , around 15% of the recorded forest area of the state and consists of three biosphere reserves, mangrove forests, five National Parks, 18 wildlife sanctuaries and 17 bird sanctuaries. The Tamil film industry, nicknamed as Kollywood, plays an influential role in the state's popular culture. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1
    Published 1976
    Madras : Director of Stationery and Print., c1976.
    ii, 100 p. : forms ; 21 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India). Home Dept...
  2. 2
    Published 1977
    Madras : Govt. of Tamil Nadu, <1977-1978>
    v. <2> ; 21 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  3. 3
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu.
    v. ; 30 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  4. 4
    [Madras]
    v. 30 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  5. 5
    Published 1980
    [Ceṉṉai] : Tamiḻnāṭu Aracu, c1980-
    v. in ; 22 x 31 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  6. 6
    Published 1977
    Madras : Madras Book Agency, 1977.
    3 v. ; 22 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  7. 7
  8. 8
    Madras : Printed by the Director of Stationery and Printing on behalf of the Govt. of Tamil Nadu,
    v. ; 29 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  9. 9
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu.
    v. ; 33 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  10. 10
    Published 1977
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu, 1977.
    viii, 472 p. ; 21 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  11. 11
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu, [19--]-
    v. ; 28-34 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  12. 12
    Published 1972
    [Ceṉṉai] : Tamiḻ Nāṭu Aracu, 1972.
    322 p. ; 24 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  13. 13
    [Madras : s.n.]
    v. 21 x 30 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  14. 14
    [Madras : s.n.]
    v. 33 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  15. 15
    by Ratnasiromony, A. S.
    Published 1970
    Madras, R. Seetharaman [1970]
    v, 90 p. 22 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  16. 16
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu, 19.
    v. ; 29 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  17. 17
    Published 1976
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu, 1976.
    2 v. ; 31 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  18. 18
    Published 1975
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu, 1975-
    v. ; 20 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  19. 19
    [Madras] : Govt. of Tamil Nadu,
    v. ; 30 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...
  20. 20
    Madras : Printed by the Director of Stationery and Print. on behalf of the Govt. of Tamil Nadu,
    v. ; 29 cm.
    ...Tamil Nadu (India)...

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