James Stewart

James Maitland "Jimmy" Stewart (May 20, 1908 – July 2, 1997) was an American actor and military officer. Known for his distinctive drawl and everyman screen persona, Stewart's film career spanned 80 films from 1935 to 1991. With the strong morality he portrayed both on and off the screen, he epitomized the "American ideal" in the mid-twentieth century. In 1999, the American Film Institute (AFI) ranked him third on its list of the greatest American male actors. He received numerous honors including the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award in 1968, the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1980, the Kennedy Center Honor in 1983, as well as the Academy Honorary Award and Presidential Medal of Freedom, both in 1985.

Born and raised in Indiana, Pennsylvania, Stewart started acting while at Princeton University. After graduating in 1932, he began a career as a stage actor, appearing on Broadway and in summer stock productions. He landed his first supporting role in ''The Murder Man'' (1935) and had his breakthrough in Frank Capra's ensemble comedy ''You Can't Take It with You'' (1938). The following year, Stewart garnered his first of five Academy Award nominations for his portrayal of an idealized senator in Capra's ''Mr. Smith Goes to Washington'' (1939). The following year he received the Academy Award for Best Actor, the only competitive Oscar of his career, for his performance in the George Cukor romantic comedy ''The Philadelphia Story'' (1940). His acting career was paused after he enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II, deputy commanding the 2nd Bombardment Wing and commanding the 703d Bombardment Squadron. He later transferred to the Air Force Reserves, and held various command positions until his retirement in 1968 as a brigadier general.

Stewart's first postwar role was as George Bailey in Capra's ''It's a Wonderful Life'' (1946). Although the film was not a major success upon release, he earned an Oscar nomination, and the film has become a Christmas classic, as well as one of his best-known roles. As one of the most popular film stars of the '50s, Stewart played darker, more morally ambiguous characters in movies directed by Anthony Mann, including ''Winchester '73'' (1950), ''The Glenn Miller Story'' (1954), and ''The Naked Spur'' (1953), and by Alfred Hitchcock in ''Rope'' (1948), ''Rear Window'' (1954), ''The Man Who Knew Too Much'' (1956), and ''Vertigo'' (1958). During this time he received Academy Award nominations for his roles in the comedy ''Harvey'' (1950) and the courtroom drama ''Anatomy of a Murder'' (1959). Stewart also starred in ''The Greatest Show on Earth'' (1952), ''The Spirit of St. Louis'' (1957), ''The Flight of the Phoenix'' (1965) as well as the Western films ''How the West Was Won'' (1962), ''The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance'' (1962), and ''Cheyenne Autumn'' (1964). He appeared in many popular family comedies during the 1960s.

Stewart remained unmarried until his 40s and was dubbed "The Great American Bachelor" by the press. In 1949, he married former model Gloria Hatrick McLean. They had twin daughters, and he adopted her two sons from her previous marriage. The marriage lasted until McLean's death in 1994; Stewart died of a pulmonary embolism three years later. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 2 results of 2 for search 'Stewart, James, 1831-1905', query time: 0.02s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Stewart, James, 1831-1905
    Published 1956
    Lovedale, Lovedale Press, 1956.
    63 pages 18 cm.
  2. 2
    by Stewart, James, 1831-1905
    Published 1921
    [Lovedale] South Africa : Lovedale Mission Press, [1921]
    vi, 213 p. ; 18 cm.

Search Tools: