Puerto Rico

 Artist's depiction of [[Juan Ponce de León ; * , .}}|italic=no|rich port|paren=left}}; abbreviated PR; or ), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico|name=commonwealth}} (), is a Caribbean island, Commonwealth, and unincorporated territory of the United States. It is located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately southeast of Miami, Florida, between the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and includes the eponymous main island and several smaller islands, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques. With roughly 3.2 million residents, it is divided into 78 municipalities, of which the most populous is the capital municipality of San Juan. Spanish and English are the official languages of the executive branch of government, though Spanish predominates.

Puerto Rico was settled by a succession of peoples beginning 2,000 to 4,000 years ago; these included the Ortoiroid, Saladoid, and Taíno. It was then colonized by Spain following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1493. Puerto Rico was contested by other European powers, but remained a Spanish possession for the next four centuries. An influx of African slaves and settlers primarily from the Canary Islands and Andalusia vastly changed the cultural and demographic landscape of the island. Within the Spanish Empire, Puerto Rico played a secondary but strategic role compared to wealthier colonies like Peru and New Spain. By the late 19th century, a distinct Puerto Rican identity began to emerge, centered around a fusion of indigenous, African, and European elements. In 1898, following the Spanish–American War, Puerto Rico was acquired by the United States.

Puerto Ricans have been U.S. citizens since 1917, and can move freely between the island and the mainland. However, when resident in the unincorporated territory of Puerto Rico, Puerto Ricans are disenfranchised at the national level, do not vote for the president or vice president, and generally do not pay federal income tax. In common with four other territories, Puerto Rico sends a nonvoting representative to the U.S. Congress, called a Resident Commissioner, and participates in presidential primaries; as it is not a state, Puerto Rico does not have a vote in Congress, which governs it under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. Congress approved a local constitution in 1952, allowing U.S. citizens residing on the island to elect a governor. Puerto Rico's current and future political status has consistently been a matter of significant debate.

Beginning in the mid-20th century, the U.S. government, together with the Puerto Rico Industrial Development Company, launched a series of economic projects to develop Puerto Rico into an industrial high-income economy. It is classified by the International Monetary Fund as a developed jurisdiction with an advanced, high-income economy; it ranks 40th on the Human Development Index. The major sectors of Puerto Rico's economy are manufacturing (primarily pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and electronics) followed by services (namely tourism and hospitality). Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 81 for search 'Puerto Rico', query time: 0.09s Refine Results
  1. 1
    Published 2020
    [San Juan, PR] : [Oficina de Gerencia y Presupuesto], [2020].
    1 online resource (256 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  2. 2
    Published 1902
    San Juan, P.R. : Boletin Mercantil Press, [1902]
    1 online resource (xlv, 1183, 264 p.)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  3. 3
    San Juan, Porto Rico : s.n.]
    Also issued on microfiche.
    Also issued in print.
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  4. 4
    Published 1928
    [San Juan, P.R.] : Departamento de Hacienda, Negociado de Contribuciones Sobre Ingresos = Department of Finance, Bureau of Income Tax, [1928?]
    1 online resource (151 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  5. 5
    Published 2019
    [San Juan] : Departamento de Estado, [2019]
    1 online resource (391 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  6. 6
    Published 1938
    San Juan, P.R. : Bureau of Supplies, Printing, and Transportation, 1938.
    1 online resource (22 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  7. 7
    Published 1930
    San Juan, P.R. : Negociado de Materiales, Imprenta, y Transporte, 1930.
    1 online resource (xxxii, 517 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  8. 8
    Published 1888
    Habana : Imprenta y Papelería de J. Fernandez y Comp., 1888.
    1 online resource (886 pages) : facsimiles.
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  9. 9
    Habana : Imprenta y Librería "El Iris", 1866.
    1 online resource (2 v.)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  10. 10
    Published 1898
    Havana : La Propaganda literaria, 1898.
    1 online resource (145 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  11. 11
    Published 1941
    San Juan, P.R. : Negociado de Materiales, Imprenta, y Transporte, 1941.
    1 online resource (xxvii, 1547 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  12. 12
    [San Juan : Bureau of Printing and Supplies]
    Online version of the print publication.
    Also issued in microfiche.
    ...Puerto Rico. Supreme Court...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  13. 13
    Published 1965
    Boston : D.C. Heath, c1965-
    6 v. : ill. ; 24 cm. & teacher's guide (6 v.)
    ...Puerto Rico. Dept. of Education...
  14. 14
    Published 1952
    Boston, Heath [1952-57]
    6 v. illus. 24 cm.
    ...Puerto Rico. Dept. of Education...
  15. 15
    Published 1952
    Boston : D.C. Heath, [c1952-c1957]
    6 v. in 5 : ill. ; 31 cm.
    ...Puerto Rico. Dept. of Education...
  16. 16
    Published 1966
    1966-1968.
    25 items : ill., maps.
    ...Puerto Rico. Dept. of Education...
  17. 17
    Orford, N.H. : Equity Publishing Corporation.
    1 online resource ( volumes)
    ...Puerto Rico. Department of Justice...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  18. 18
    Published 1866
    Madrid : Imprenta nacional, 1866.
    1 online resource (294 pages)
    ...Puerto Rico...
    Center for Research Libraries
    Online Resource
  19. 19
    Published 1916
    San Juan : Bureau of Supplies, Printing, and Transportation, 1916-1975.
    79 v. ; 23 cm.
    ...Puerto Rico. Supreme Court...
  20. 20
    Published 1906
    San Juan : Bureau of Supplies, Printing, and Transportation, 1906-1915.
    21 v. 23 cm.
    ...Puerto Rico. Supreme Court...

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