Prussia

Situation after the conquest in the late 13th century. Areas in purple under control of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights Prussia; , , Old Prussian: ''Prūsa'' or ''Prūsija''}} was a German state on the southeast coast of the Baltic Sea. It formed the German Empire under Prussian rule when it united the German states in 1871. It was ''de facto'' dissolved by an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government to German Chancellor Franz von Papen in 1932 and ''de jure'' by an Allied decree in 1947. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, expanding its size with the Prussian Army. Prussia, with its capital at Königsberg and then, when it became the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701, Berlin, decisively shaped the history of Germany.

In 1871, Prussian Minister-President Otto von Bismarck united most German principalities into the German Empire under his leadership, although this was considered to be a "Lesser Germany" because Austria and Switzerland were not included. In November 1918, the monarchies were abolished and the nobility lost its political power during the German Revolution of 1918–19. The Kingdom of Prussia was thus abolished in favour of a republic—the Free State of Prussia, a state of Germany from 1918 until 1933. From 1932, Prussia lost its independence as a result of the Prussian coup and the Nazi '''' laws, which established a unitary state. Its legal status finally ended in 1947.

The name ''Prussia'' derives from the Old Prussians; in the 13th century, the Teutonic Knights—an organized Catholic medieval military order of German crusaders—conquered the lands inhabited by them. In 1308, the Teutonic Knights conquered the region of Pomerelia with Danzig (modern-day Gdańsk). Their monastic state was mostly Germanised through immigration from central and western Germany, and, in the south, it was Polonised by settlers from Masovia. The imposed Second Peace of Thorn (1466) split Prussia into the western Royal Prussia, becoming a province of Poland, and the eastern part, from 1525 called the Duchy of Prussia, a feudal fief of the Crown of Poland up to 1657. The union of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia in 1618 led to the proclamation of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701.

Prussia entered the ranks of the great powers shortly after becoming a kingdom. It became increasingly large and powerful in the 18th and 19th centuries. It had a major voice in European affairs under the reign of Frederick the Great (1740–1786). At the Congress of Vienna (1814–15), which redrew the map of Europe following Napoleon's defeat, Prussia acquired rich new territories, including the coal-rich Ruhr. The country then grew rapidly in influence economically and politically, and became the core of the North German Confederation in 1867, and then of the German Empire in 1871. The Kingdom of Prussia was now so large and so dominant in the new Germany that and other Prussian élites identified more and more as Germans and less as Prussians.

The Kingdom ended in 1918 along with other German monarchies that were terminated by the German Revolution. In the Weimar Republic, the Free State of Prussia lost nearly all of its legal and political importance following the 1932 coup led by Franz von Papen. Subsequently, it was effectively dismantled into Nazi German ''Gaue'' in 1935. Nevertheless, some Prussian ministries were kept and Hermann Göring remained in his role as Minister President of Prussia until the end of World War II. Former eastern territories of Germany that made up a significant part of Prussia lost the majority of their German population after 1945 as the Polish People's Republic and the Soviet Union both absorbed these territories and had most of its German inhabitants expelled by 1950. Prussia, deemed ''a bearer of militarism and reaction'' by the Allies, was officially abolished by an Allied declaration in 1947. The international status of the former eastern territories of the Kingdom of Prussia was disputed until the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany in 1990, but its return to Germany remains a topic among far right politicians, the Federation of Expellees and various political revisionists.

The term ''Prussian'' has often been used, especially outside Germany, to emphasise professionalism, aggressiveness, militarism and conservatism of the class of landed aristocrats in the East who dominated first Prussia and then the German Empire. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 311 for search 'Prussia (Germany)', query time: 0.03s Refine Results
  1. 1
    Published 1894
    Berlin : Friedr. Schulze's Verlag, [1894]
    1 online resource (86 pages) : charts, tables.
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  2. 2
    Published 1893
    Berlin : Ferd. Dümmlers Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1893.
    1 online resource (95 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  3. 3
    Published 1894
    Berlin : R.v. Decker's Verlag (G. Schenck), 1894.
    1 online resource (20 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  4. 4
    Published 1900
    Berlin : Gedruckt bei Julius Sittenfeld, 1900.
    1 online resource (149 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  5. 5
    Published 1892
    Düsseldorf : Verlag von Felix Bagel, [1892]
    1 online resource (45 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  6. 6
    Published 1886
    Berlin : R.v. Decker's Verlag (G. Schenck), 1886.
    1 online resource (29 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  7. 7
    Published 1872
    Rathenow : Druck und Verlag A. Haase, 1872.
    1 online resource (39 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  8. 8
    Published 1875
    Breslau : Verlag von Maruschke & Behrendt, 1875.
    1 online resource (5 unnumbered, 509, 7 unnumbered pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  9. 9
    by Puschmann, Paul, 19th century
    Published 1895
    Breslau : Im Selbstverlage des Verfassers, [1895]
    1 online resource (39 pages) : charts, forms.
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  10. 10
    Published 1875
    Berlin : Verlag der Königlichen Geheimen Ober-Hofbuchdruckerei (R. v. Decker), 1875.
    1 online resource (24 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  11. 11
    Published 1893
    Berlin : J. Guttentag, Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1893.
    1 online resource (134 pages) : 1 form.
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  12. 12
    Published 1899
    Berlin : R.v. Decker's Verlag, 1899.
    1 online resource (93 pages) : forms.
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  13. 13
    Published 1874
    Bonn : Verlag von Max Cohen & Sohn, 1874.
    1 online resource (73 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany). Landtag...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  14. 14
    Published 1894
    Berlin : Verlag von Paul Parey, 1894.
    1 online resource (iv, 231 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  15. 15
    Published 1886
    Berlin : Carl Heymanns Verlag, 1886.
    1 online resource (57 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  16. 16
    Published 1882
    Berlin : Carl Heymann's Verlag, 1882.
    1 online resource (167 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  17. 17
    Published 1881
    Berlin : R. v. Decker's Verlag : : Marquardt & Schenk, 1881.
    1 online resource (iv, 96 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  18. 18
    Published 1890
    Berlin : Verlag von J. Guttentag (D. Collin), 1890.
    1 online resource (xxi, 186 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  19. 19
    Published 1880
    Berlin : Verlag von Burmester & Stempell, [1880]
    1 online resource (42 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  20. 20
    Published 1886
    Striegau : Im Selbstverlage, Druck der E. Gröger'schen Buchdruckerei (F. Breyther), 1886.
    1 online resource (44 pages)
    ...Prussia (Germany)...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource

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