Northwest Territory

Check signed by [[Arthur St. Clair The Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and formally known as the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, was formed from unorganized western territory of the United States after the American Revolutionary War. Established in 1787 by the Congress of the Confederation through the Northwest Ordinance, it was the nation's first post-colonial organized incorporated territory.

At the time of its creation, the territory included all the land west of Pennsylvania, northwest of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River below the Great Lakes, and what later became known as the Boundary Waters. The region was ceded to the United States in the Treaty of Paris of 1783. Throughout the Revolutionary War, the region was part of the British Province of Quebec. It spanned all or large parts of six eventual U.S. states (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and the northeastern part of Minnesota). Reduced to present-day Ohio, eastern Michigan and a sliver of southeastern Indiana with the formation of Indiana Territory July 4, 1800, it ceased to exist March 1, 1803, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Ohio, and the remainder attached to Indiana Territory. Initially, the territory was governed by martial law under a governor and three judges. As population increased, a legislature was formed as were a succession of counties, eventually totaling thirteen. At the time of its creation the Northwest Territory was a vast wilderness, long-populated by Native American cultures including the Delaware, Miami, Potawatomi, Shawnee and others; there were only a handful of French colonial settlements, plus Clarksville at the Falls of the Ohio. By the time of the territory's dissolution, there were dozens of towns and settlements, a few with thousands of settlers, chiefly along the Ohio and Miami Rivers and the south shore of Lake Erie in Ohio. Conflicts between settlers and Native American inhabitants of the Territory resulted in the Northwest Indian War culminating in General "Mad" Anthony Wayne's victory at Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The subsequent Treaty of Greenville in 1795 opened the way for settlement of southern and western Ohio. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1
    Published 1789
    [New York] : [Printed by Francis Childs and John Swaine], [1789]
    1 online resource (1 broadside)
    ...Northwest Territory...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  2. 2
    Published 1937
    Northwest Territory Celebration Commission : Marietta, Ohio, 1937.
    95 p. illus. (incl. front., ports., maps 23 cm.
    ...Northwest Territory Celebration Commission (U.S.)...
  3. 3
    Published 1802
    Chillicothe [Ohio] : N. Willis, Printer to the Convention, 1802.
    1 online resource (46 pages)
    ...Northwest Territory...
    LLMC Digital
    Online Resource
  4. 4
    ...Northwest Territory. General Assembly. Legislative Council...
  5. 5
    ...Northwest Territory. General Assembly. House of Representitives...

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