Communist Party USA

The Communist Party USA, officially the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), also known as the American Communist Party, is a communist party in the United States which was established in 1919 after a split in the Socialist Party of America following the Russian Revolution.

The history of the CPUSA is closely related to the history of the American labor movement and the history of communist parties worldwide. Initially operating underground due to the Palmer Raids, which started during the First Red Scare, the party was influential in American politics in the first half of the 20th century. It also played a prominent role in the history of the labor movement from the 1920s through the 1940s, playing a key role in the founding of the Congress of Industrial Organizations. The party was unique among labor activist groups of the time in being outspokenly anti-racist and opposed to racial segregation after sponsoring the defense for the Scottsboro Boys in 1931. The party reached the apex of its influence in US politics during the Great Depression, playing a prominent role in the political landscape as a militant grassroots network capable of effectively organizing and mobilizing workers and the unemployed in support of cornerstone New Deal programs, principally Social Security, unemployment insurance, and the Works Progress Administration.

The transformative changes of the New Deal era combined with the US alliance with the Soviet Union during World War II created an atmosphere in which the CPUSA wielded considerable influence with about 70,000 vetted party members. Under the leadership of Earl Browder, the party was critically supportive of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and branded communism as "20th Century Americanism". Envisioning itself as becoming engrained within the established political structure in the post-war era, the party was dissolved in 1944 to become the 'Communist Political Association.' However, as Cold War hostility ensued, the party was restored but struggled to maintain its influence amidst the prevalence of McCarthyism (also known as the Second Red Scare). Its opposition to the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine failed to gain traction, and its endorsed candidate Henry A. Wallace of the Progressive Party under-performed in the 1948 presidential election. The party itself imploded following the public condemnation of Stalin by Nikita Khrushchev in 1956, with membership sinking to a few thousand who were increasingly alienated from the rest of the American Left for their support of the Soviet Union.

The CPUSA received significant funding from the Soviet Union and crafted its public positions to match those of Moscow. The CPUSA also used a covert apparatus to assist the Soviets with their intelligence activities in the United States and utilized a network of front organizations to shape public opinion. The CPUSA opposed ''glasnost'' and ''perestroika'' in the Soviet Union. As a result, major funding from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ended in 1991. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 9 results of 9 for search 'Communist Party of the United States of America', query time: 0.02s Refine Results
  1. 1
    Published 1933
    New York : Workers Library, 1933.
    48 pages ; 15 cm.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
  2. 2
    Published 1954
    [London] Recordak Microfilming Service, 1954.
    13 microfilm reels. 35 mm.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
  3. 3
    Published 1932
    San Francisco : Communist Party U.S.A., 1932-1937.
    6 v.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
  4. 4
    Published 1932
    San Francisco : Communist Party U.S.A., 1932-1937.
    1 online resource (6 v.)
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
    Center for Research Libraries: 1932-1937
    Online Resource
  5. 5
    Published 1936
    New York, N.Y. : Comprodaily Pub. Co., 1936-1942.
    7 v. : ill. ; 55 cm.
    Also on microfilm: Graphic Microfilm of New England.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
  6. 6
    Chicago, Ill. : Il Lavoratore Pub. Co.,
    v.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
  7. 7
    Published 1924
    Chicago, Ill. : Daily Worker Pub. Co., 1924-1958.
    New York, N.Y. : Daily Worker Pub. Co.
    1 online resource (35 v.) : ill.
    Available on microfilm; Graphic Microfilm of New England, Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, and UMI.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
    Center for Research Libraries: Jul-Dec 1934; Nov 21, 1951
    Online Resource
  8. 8
    Published 1924
    Chicago, Ill. : Daily Worker Pub. Co., 1924-1958.
    New York, N.Y. : Daily Worker Pub. Co.
    35 v. : ill. ; 43-55 cm.
    Available on microfilm; Graphic Microfilm of New England, Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, and UMI.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America...
  9. 9
    Published 1943
    Wallkill, N.Y. : New York State Farm Commission Communist Party, 1943-1950.
    volumes : illustrations ; 24 cm.
    ...Communist Party of the United States of America (N.Y.). Farm Commission...

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